President Biden may cancel 10,000 10,000 in student loans, but civil rights advocates are concerned that the figure is not enough to address the root causes of student inequality. A new study released Tuesday by the Century Foundation found that not only black students who are disproportionately harmed by student loans, but also black parents through federal parent plus loans, a new search for a federal program loan that has largely eliminated the student loan relief debate. .
Black borrowers, who are less likely to have low incomes and less resources, take out more student loans and often struggle to repay such loans. Graduate black borrowers owe 50 percent more on student loans than their white peers, which increases to 100 percent four years after graduation. In addition, black college graduates have seven times fewer assets than white college graduates, which contributes to the struggle to repay student loans.
Civil rights groups, including the NAACP, have said that জন্য 10,000 relief for each borrower would not be enough to cover the financial loss of student loans to black borrowers. An analysis by the Roosevelt Institute found that canceling ছাত্র 50,000 per student student loan would immediately increase the wealth of black Americans by 40 percent and dramatically increase economic recovery.
“While it does address some of the burdens, it’s not really enough to balance the high debt of black borrowers,” said Victoria Jackson, assistant director of higher education policy at the Education Trust. “On average, black borrowers borrow about $ 39,000, more than any other ethnic or racial group.”
Parental plus debt
Black parents are under tremendous pressure to get their children to attend college through parent plus loans, federal loans that parents can use to help pay for their children’s education.
The Century Foundation survey found that 42 percent of black parent plus borrowers had lower incomes and fewer assets, compared to 26 percent of Latinos and 8 percent of white borrowers. As a result, black borrowers struggle to repay such loans, further contributing to the gap in ethnic wealth.
“While parent-plus debt can open doors for children, they also close many doors for parents who hold them. These loans are now often taken out by families for whom college is already the least accessible — low-income families and families of color আরও further complicating the financial barriers they face and trapping families in multinational debt, ”says Peter Granville, author of the report and Senior Policy Associate at TCF.
Compared to other student loan programs, parent plus loans are riskier and more expensive; At the moment, 3.7 million Americans have 10 104 billion in indebted parents through this federal loan program. They have higher interest rates and allow borrowers to borrow more when they have no choice but to reduce their monthly payments or seek forgiveness like other federal loan programs.
According to the study, when a student graduates, the average amount of debt owed by parents plus borrowers is $ 29,600. Under building interest, parents often struggle to repay this loan. After 10 years of repayment, on average, 55 percent of the initial balance remains.
As tuition increases across the country, more low-income families are turning to parent-plus loans for the ability to send their children to school. Between 2000 and 2016, the annual disbursement of Parent Plus loans to the families of students enrolled in public universities increased by more than $ 10 billion, resulting in a 269 percent increase.
Studies have shown that parent plus loans are increasingly being used in institutions that cater to low-income and minority students. For example, according to the TCF survey, historically black college and university students have relied more on parent-plus debt for financial support than students at any other type of institution for more than a decade.
Those who have lower incomes and are less likely to have assets than white borrowers are most affected by the financial toll of parent plus debt. Parents with children in top-rated HBCUs still owe 96 percent of their loan capital, compared to 47 percent of white parents plus borrowers who are enrolled in top white-listed colleges, the study found.
In addition, parental plus debt is increasing much higher among black parents than with white parents. In the award year 2017-18, the share of parents taking parent plus loans for black students reached 6.2 per cent as against 5.1 per cent for white students.
According to sources familiar with the matter, it is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.
Advocates for civil rights and higher education have called for sweeping reforms to manage the federal student loan system in a way that does not impose long-term economic burdens on borrowers, especially those of color.
“I think the point is that we have to create a more affordable system in the first place so that these loans are not needed. Finally, if we want to bridge the gap between ethnic resources, if we want to ensure that higher education does not worsen the division of ethnic resources, we need to find out how to increase aid and make college more affordable. Getting there is not so resource-based, “said Samir Gadkari, president of the College Access and Success Institute.